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Z1 Leberecht Maass

Class overview
Builders: Deutsche Werke, Kiel
Built: 1934–1935
In commission: 1937–1947
Completed: 4
Lost: 3
General characteristics
Class and type: Zerstörer 1934
Displacement: 3,155 long tons (3,206 t) maximum
Length: 119 m (390 ft 5 in) o/a114 m (374 ft 0 in) w/l
Beam: 11.3 m (37 ft 1 in)
Draught: 4.23 m (13 ft 11 in)
Propulsion: 2 × Wagner geared turbines, 70,000 shp

2 shafts

Speed: 36 knots (41 mph; 67 km/h)
Range: 1,900 nmi (3,500 km) at 19 kn (35 km/h)
Complement: 325
Armament: • 5 × 128 mm (5 in) guns

• 4 × 37 mm guns • 6 × 20 mm guns • 8 × 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes • 60 mines

This class of four ships was the first German destroyer class built since World War I, laid down between October 1934 and January 1935. They were not very good ships. Built rapidly, they were too wet in heavy seas, which could make their forward guns unusable, there were structural weaknesses and machinery problems. The engines were newly designed high pressure turbines that promised much but disappointed once installed: maintenance was difficult and they caused excessive vibration. In addition, the class' range was limited (less than half of equivalent British ships) and they had limited magazine capacities (again half of the British equivalents). Only one ship survived the war. The ships were named after German navy personnel killed in World War I.

The ships were:

Z1 Leberecht Maas Laid down: Deutsche Werke Kiel, 15 October 1934

Launched: 18 August 1935 Commissioned: 14 January 1937 Fate: sunk after friendly fire bomb hits on 22 February 1940, during Operation Wikinger Named after Leberecht Maass[3]

Z2 Georg Thiele Laid down: Deutsche Werke Kiel, 25 October 1934

Launched: 18 August 1935 Commissioned: 27 February 1937 Fate: sunk on 13 April 1940 Named after Georg Thiele

Z3 Max Schultz Laid down: Deutsche Werke Kiel, 2 January 1935

Launched: 30 November 1935 Commissioned: 8 April 1937 Fate: sunk as a result of friendly fire bomb hits and striking mines on 22 February 1940, during Operation Wikinger[3] Named after Max Schultz

Z4 Richard Beitzen Laid down: Deutsche Werke Kiel, 7 January 1935

Launched: 30 November 1935 Commissioned: 13 May 1937 Fate: scrapped 1947 Named after Richard Beitzen

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