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[1]
Career (US)
Namesake: Edmund Colhoun
Builder: Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts
Laid down: 19 September 1917
Launched: 21 February 1918
Commissioned: 13 June 1918
Recommissioned: 11 December 1940, as APD-2
Decommissioned: 28 June 1922
Fate: Sunk in battle, 30 August 1942
General characteristics
Class and type: Wickes-class destroyer
Displacement: 1,060 tons
Length: 315 ft 5 in (96.14 m)
Beam: 31 ft 9 in (9.68 m)
Draft: 9 ft 2 in (2.79 m)
Speed: 35 knots (65 km/h)
Complement: 100 officers and enlisted
Armament: 4 x 4"/50 (102 mm), 1 3"/25 (76 mm), 4 x 3 21" (533 mm) torpedo tubes.

USS Colhoun (DD-85/APD-2) was a Wickes-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War I and as APD-2 in World War II. She was the first Navy ship named for Edmund Colhoun.

Colhoun was launched 21 February 1918 by Fore River Shipbuilding Company, Quincy, Massachusetts, sponsored by Miss A. Colhoun, commissioned 13 June 1918, Commander B. B. Wygant in command, and reported to the United States Atlantic Fleet.

ContentsEdit

[hide] *1 Service history

Service historyEdit

[2][3]Colhoun is seen in dazzle camouflage while escorting troop transports in mid-1918From 30 June to 14 September 1918, Colhoun served as convoy escort between New York and European ports. On 10 November 1918, she reported to New London to conduct experiments with sound equipment then under development. On 1 January 1919, she rushed to assist the transport Northern Pacific which was stranded at Fire Island, carrying 194 of her returning troops to Hoboken, New Jersey.

After operations in the Caribbean and off the East Coast, Colhoun was placed in reduced commission at Philadelphia Navy Yard 1 December 1919. Following overhaul at Norfolk Navy Yard and a reserve period at Charleston, South Carolina, she returned to Philadelphia, where she was decommissioned 28 June 1922.

Towed to Norfolk Navy Yard 5 June 1940, Colhoun underwent conversion to a high-speed transport and was recommissioned as APD-2 on 11 December 1940. She operated between Norfolk and the Caribbean on training exercises until sailing for Nouméa, New Caledonia, where she arrived 21 July 1942.

She carried units of the 1st Marine Raider Battalion in the initial assault landings on Guadalcanalon 7 August and continued to serve as both transport and antisubmarine vessel in support of the invasion. [4][5]USS Colhoun (APD-2) off Guadalcanal, in August 1942.At 1400 on 30 August 1942, while Colhoun was on patrol off Guadalcanal, she was struck in a Japanese air raid. The first hits wrecked the ship's boats and the after davits, and started a diesel fire from the boat wreckage. In a second attack, a succession of hits on the starboard side brought down the foremast, blew two 20 mm guns and one 4" gun off the ship, and damaged the engineering spaces. Two more direct hits killed all the men in the after deck house. Tank lighters from Guadalcanal rescued the crew, and Colhounsank in WikiMiniAtlas09°24′S 160°01′E / 9.4°S 160.017°E / -9.4; 160.017. Fifty-one men were killed and 18 wounded in this action.


AwardsEdit

Colhoun received one battle star for her participation in World War II.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

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