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 [1][2]Torpedoboot 1935

The Type 35 and Type 37 Torpedo boats were small destroyers (German: Flottentorpedoboot "Fleet Torpedo Boat") built for the German Kriegsmarine between 1939 and 1942. They were designed to exploit a clause in the Washington Naval Treaty, which stipulated that ships under 600 tons standard displacement did not count towards limited tonnages. They did however grow in size to 845 tons standard tonnage. Their primary intention was to produce a seaworthy torpedo craft larger and more heavily armed than a Schnellboot. These ships fought in the North Sea, English Channel and Baltic Sea. They were not considered very successful, their weak gun armament was disliked and the machinery was unreliable and difficult to repair. They also had relatively poor seakeeping and a weak bridge structure.

ContentsEdit

[hide] *1 General characteristics

General characteristicsEdit

Type 35 Type 37
Displacement: 845 tons standard
1,090 tons full load
874 tons standard
1,121 tons full load
Length 84.3 m 85.2 m
Beam 8.62 m 8.87 m
Draught 2.83 m 2.8 m
Machinery 2 shaft geared turbines
4 Wagner type boilers
2 shaft geared turbines
4 Wagner type boilers
Speed 35 knots (65 km/h)
Range 1,200 nmi (2,220 km)
at 19 knots (35 km/h)
1,600 nmi (2,960 km)
at 19 knots (35 km/h)
Armament One 105 mm gun
One 37 mm gun
two 20 mm guns
six 21.7-inch (551 mm) torpedo tubes (2x3)
30 mines
One 105 mm gun
One 37 mm gun
two 20 mm guns
six 21.7-inch (551 mm) torpedo tubes (2x3)
30 mines
Crew 119 119

ShipsEdit

Type 35Edit

Ship Builder Commissioned Fate
T1 Schichau, Elbing 1 December 1939 Sunk 9 April 1945, by bombing in Kiel Harbour
T2 Schichau, Elbing 2 December 1939 Sunk 29 July 1944 by bombing in Bremen
T3 Schichau, Elbing 3 February 1940 Sunk in Le Havre by bombing 18 September 1940 but raised and repaired, Sunk by mines in Danzig Bay 14 March 1945
T4 Schichau, Elbing 27 May 1940 Transferred to Denmark and scrapped post war
T5 Deschimag, Bremen 23 January 1940 Sunk by mines in Danzig Bay 14 March 1945
T6 Deschimag, Bremen 30 April 1940 Sunk 7 November 1940
T7 Deschimag, Bremen 20 December 1939 Sunk 29 July 1944
T8 Deschimag 8 October 1939 Scuttled 3 May 1945
T9 Schichau, Elbing 4 July 1940 Scuttled 3 May 1945
T10 Schichau, Elbing 5 August 1940 Sunk in Gotenhaven by bombing 18 December 1944
T11 Deschimag 24 May 1940 War reparation to France. Served as Bir Hakeim in French Navy
T12 Deschimag 3 July 1940 Transferred to USSR, served in the Soviet Navy as destroyer Podvizhny (Подвижный) and since 1954 trial ship Kit, sunk as target ship in 1959 at Lake Ladoga

Type 37Edit

All these ships were built by Schichau in Elbing

Ship Commissioned Fate
T13 31 May 1941 Sunk 10 April 1945
T14 14 June 1941 Transferred to France as the Dompaire, BU 1949
T15 26 June 1941 Sunk 13 December 1945, by RAF Bombers
T16 24 July 1941 Damaged beyond repair by RAF Bombers 13 April 1945
T17 18 August 1941 Transferred to USSR post war, served as destroyer Poryvisty (Порывистый), BU 1960
T18 22 November 1941 Sunk 13 September 1944, by Soviet aircraft in the Baltic
T19 18 December 1942 Transferred to Denmark post war, Broken Up
T20 5 June 1942 Transferred to France as the Baccarat, BU 1951
T21 11 July 1942 Transferred to USA post war, Scuttled 10 June 1946

NotesEdit

== References==
  • Gröner, Erich (1990). German Warships: 1815–1945. Volume 1: Major Surface Warships. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-790-9.
  • Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939-1945: The Naval History of World War Two (Third Revised ed.). Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-119-2.
  • Whitley, M. J. (1991). German Destroyers of World War Two. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-302-8.

ReferencesEdit

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