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[1]

Z36 of the Type 1936B class.

Class overview
Builders: DeSchiMAG
Built: 1941–1945
In commission: 1943–1964
Planned: 5
Completed: 3
Lost: 3
General characteristics
Class and type: Zerstörer 1936B
Displacement: 3,540 long tons (3,600 t) maximum
Length: 127 m (416 ft 8 in) o/a121.5 m (398 ft 7 in) w/l
Beam: 12 m (39 ft 4 in)
Draught: 4.21 m (13 ft 10 in)
Propulsion: 2 × Wagner geared turbines, 70,000 shp

2 shafts

Speed: 36.5 knots (42.0 mph; 67.6 km/h)
Range: 2,600 nmi (4,800 km) at 19 kn (35 km/h)
Complement: 330
Armament: • 5 × 15 cm (5.9 in) guns

• 4 (later 10) × 37 mm guns • 16 × 20 mm guns • 8 × 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes • 76 mines • 4 × depth charge launchers

The Type 1936B class of destroyers was a class of five destroyers built for the German Kriegsmarine between 1941 and 1942, of which only three - Z36, Z35, and Z43 - were commissioned and saw service. The Z36 and Z35 were lost in the Gulf of Finland after hitting friendly mines,[1][2] while Z43 was scuttled near the end of the war.[3]

DesignEdit

The Type 1936B destroyer class differed from the previous Type 1936A class in several ways. One was that the twin 15-centimetre (5.9 in) turrets, positioned fore and aft, were removed because the older Type 1936As had been found to be too unstable in heavy seas. [4] These two twin turrets were removed and replaced with five single 15 cm (5.9 in) turrets.[5] along with more anti-aircraft defences.[4] Apart from some other minor modifications, the ships retained the main characteristics of the 1936A class. They displaced 2,527 tonnes (2,487 long tons), and were manned by a crew of 321 officers and men.[6] Although they had a maximum speed of 36.5 knots (67.6 km/h; 42.0 mph), their range was 2,600 nautical miles (4,800 km) at 19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph).[6] The main armament of five 15 cm SK C/28 guns [6] could be depressed to -10° and elevated to 35°.[7] The turrets had an arc of fire of 360°, able to fire at any given point.[7] The guns fired 45.3-kilogram (100 lb) armor-piercing or high-explosive shells at a muzzle velocity of 875 metres per second (2,870 ft/s) to a range of 23,000 metres (25,000 yd).[7] The destroyers also carried four 37-millimetre (1.5 in) anti-aircraft guns and six 20 mm (0.79 in) anti-aircraft guns in pairs.[6] They had eight 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes and, when fitted as a minelayer, could carry 76 mines. [6]

Ships of the classEdit

Ship Laid down Launched Commissioned Fate
Z35 DeSchiMAG Bremen, 6 June 1941 2 October 1942 22 September 1943 sunk 12 December 1944
Z36 DeSchiMAG Bremen, 15 September 1941 15 May 1943 19 February 1944 sunk 12 December 1944
Z43 DeSchiMAG Bremen, 1 May 1942 22 September 1943 24 March 1944 scuttled 3 May 1945
Z44 DeSchiMAG Bremen, 1942 20 January 1944 Never commissioned scrapped 1948-1949
Z45 DeSchiMAG Bremen, 1942 15 April 1944 Never commissioned scrapped in shipyard in 1946

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Z36 History". Kriegsmarine. http://www.german-navy.de/kriegsmarine/ships/destroyer/zerstorer1936b/z36/history.html. Retrieved 21 Apr 2009.
  2. ^ "Z35 History". Kriegsmarine. http://www.german-navy.de/kriegsmarine/ships/destroyer/zerstorer1936b/z35/history.html. Retrieved 21 Apr 2009.
  3. ^ "Z43 History". Kriegsmarine. http://www.german-navy.de/kriegsmarine/ships/destroyer/zerstorer1936b/z43/history.html. Retrieved 21 Apr 2009.
  4. ^ a b "Type 1936B destroyer class history". Kriegsmarine. www.german-navy.de. http://www.german-navy.de/kriegsmarine/ships/destroyer/zerstorer1936b/index.html. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
  5. ^ These had been originally intended for use on the planned O class battlecruisers but diverted when they were canceled due to time constraints
  6. ^ a b c d e Battleships-Cruisers.co.uk (2010). "German Destroyers". Battleships-Cruisers.co.uk. http://www.battleships-cruisers.co.uk/german_destroyers.htm. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  7. ^ a b c DiGiulian, Tony (2010). "German 15 cm/55 (5.9") SK C/28". navweaps.com. http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNGER_59-55_skc28.htm. Retrieved May 7, 2010.

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