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Svetlana class cruiser

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[1]

Chervona Ukraina

Class overview
Name: Svetlana
Operators: Soviet Navy
In commission: 21 March 1927 - 1958
Completed: 5 (3 completed as cruisers)
Cancelled: 3
Lost: 1
Scrapped: 4
General characteristics (as designed)
Type: Light cruiser
Displacement: 6,800 tons (standard)7,400 tons (full load)
Length: 158.4 m overall
Beam: 15.35 m
Draft: 5.7 m
Installed power: 50,000 shp (37,000 kW)
Propulsion: 16 Yarrow oil boilers, 4 Parsons turbines,
Speed: 29.5 knots (54.6 km/h; 33.9 mph)
Range: 1,490 nmi (2,760 km; 1,710 mi) at 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph)
Complement: 878
Armament: 15×130 mm/55 guns4×64 mm anti-aircraft guns

4× machine guns 2 450 mm torpedo launchers

Armor: 75 mm main belt

20+25 mm deck 120 mm conning tower

The Svetlana class cruiser was the first and only class of light cruisers built for the Imperial Russian Navy. Eight were laid down as part of the 1912–16 shipbuilding program. They were intended to act as scouts for Gangut and Imperatritsa Maria-class dreadnoughts and to lead destroyer flotillas.

Construction was interrupted by World War I, the Russian Revolution and the Russian Civil War. Three ships were completed by the Soviet Union as cruisers, two were converted to oil tankers, and the remaining three were scrapped.

Original programEdit

Svetlana, the first true light cruiser of the Imperial Russian Navy, was largely based on pre-war cruiser designs. Six of 15 guns were placed in casemates. Despite good experience with 152-mm Canet guns, navy standard since 1892,[1] Svetlana employed smaller and inferior 130 mm/55 B7 Pattern 1913 guns.[2]

The concept was formulated in 1912 by Alexei Krylov. Hull was designed by colonel Sasinovsky and refined by John Brown and Company shipyards in Clydebank who ran a series of scale model tests. Superstructure was initially designed to resemble both Gangut class battleships and Novik class destroyers; tripod masts with raised rangefinders were added in 1920s. Specifications were continuously changed throughout World War I, adding two flying boats, roll dampers etc.

Original name In Soviet service Laid down[3] Launched[3] Commissioned[3] Fate[3]
Baltic Fleet Group
Svetlana, Светлана Profintern, Krasny Krym, Профинтерн, Красный Крым 11.11.1913 28.11.1915 01.07.1928 Converted to a blockship 18.03.1958, scrapped 1959
Admiral Butakov, Адмирал Бутаков 23.07.1916 1917 Cancelled, scrapped in early 1950s
Admiral Spiridov, Адмирал Спиридов completed as tanker 16.11.1913 27.08.1916 1926 1941
Admiral Greig, Адмирал Грейг completed as tanker 24.11.1913 26.11.1916 1926 Beached by a storm and broke in two 23.12.1937 in Tuapse harbor, scrapped.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Russian 152-mm Canet gun
  2. ^ http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNRussian_51-55_m1913.htm
  3. ^ a b c d Dates as in: Ю. В. Апальков. Российский Императорский Флот 1914 -1917 гг. Справочник по корабельному составу // Морская коллекция, 1998 N. 4

ReferencesEdit

  • Breyer, Siegfried (1992). Soviet Warship Development: Volume 1: 1917-1937. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-604-3.
  • Gardiner, Robert; Gray, Randal, eds. (1984). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships: 1906-1922. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5.
  • Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939-1945: The Naval History of World War Two (Third Revised ed.). Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-119-2.
  • Watts, Anthony J. (1990). The Imperial Russian Navy. London: Arms and Armour. ISBN 0-85368-912-1.
  • Whitley, M. J. (1995). Cruisers of World War Two: An International Encyclopedia. London: Cassell. ISBN 1-86019-874-0.

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