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Soviet submarine S-13

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[1]

S-13 at Russian stamp,issued in 1996

Career (USSR) [2]
Name: S-13
Laid down: 19 October 1938
Launched: 25 April 1939
Commissioned: 31 July 1941
Decommissioned: 7 September 1954
Struck: 17 December 1956
Homeport: Kronstadt
General characteristics
Class and type: Soviet S-class submarine
Displacement: 840 long tons (853 t) surfaced1,050 long tons (1,067 t) submerged
Length: 77.8 m (255 ft 3 in)
Beam: 6.4 m (21 ft 0 in)
Draught: 4.4 m (14 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: 2 × diesels 2,000 hp (1,491 kW) each

2 × electric motors 550 hp (410 kW) each 2 × shafts

Speed: 19.5 knots (22.4 mph; 36.1 km/h) surfaced9 knots (10 mph; 17 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 100 m (330 ft)
Complement: 50 officers and men
Armament: 6 × 21 in (530 mm) torpedo tubes (4 forward, 2 aft)

12 × torpedoes 1 × 100 mm (4 in) gun 1 × 45 mm (2 in) cannon

S-13 was a Stalinets-class submarine of the Soviet Navy. Her keel was laid down by Krasnoye Sormovo in Gorky on 19 October 1938. She was launched on 25 April 1939 and commissioned on 31 July 1941 in the Baltic Fleet, under the command of Captain Pavel Malantyenko.[1]

[edit] Service historyEdit

In the first half of September 1942, under Malantjenko's command, S-13 sank two Finnish ships, Hera and Jussi H, and a German ship Anna W, totaling 4042 tons.

On 15 October 1942, caught on the surface while charging her batteries, S-13 was attacked by the Finnish submarine chasers VMV-13 and VMV-15. During her crash dive, the submarine hit bottom, severely damaging her rudder and destroying her steering gear. The following depth charge attack worsened the damage, but S-13 escaped and made it back to Kronstadt.

During the next three years, Malantyenko was relieved by Alexander Marinesko and S-13 was repaired and returned to sea.

Under the command of Marinesko, then 32, on 30 January 1945, at Stolpe Bank off the Pomeranian coast, S-13 sank the 25,484-ton German liner Wilhelm Gustloff, overfilled with refugees and u-boat trainees, with three torpedoes. Recent estimates calculate that over 9,000 people were killed, the worst loss of life in maritime history.[2]

Soon after that, S-13 fired at the T-36, a torpedo boat that had come to the aid of the Wilhelm Gustloff. Despite being overloaded with 564 survivors from the Gustloff, the captain of T-36 was able to dodge the torpedo[citation needed].

On 10 February 1945, S-13 sank another German transport ship Steuben.[3] 3,300 refugees and injured soldiers from the ship died, and only 300 survived [1].

Marinesko hoped to be awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. He left the navy in early 1946, embittered. He was posthumously awarded the title in 1990.

S-13 was decommissioned on 7 September 1954 and stricken on 17 December 1956.

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