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Leninets class submarine

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Submarine L-4 Garibaldets

Class overview
Preceded by: Dekabrist-class
 submarine
Succeeded by: Shchuka-class submarine
Built: 1931–1941
In commission: 1931–1971
Completed: 25
Lost: 4
Preserved: 1 (partially)
General characteristics[citation needed]
Displacement: Group 1+2:

1,051 tons surfaced 1,327 tons submerged Group 3+4: 1,123 tons surfaced 1,416 tons submerged

Length: Group 1+2: 81 m (265 ft 9 in)Group 3+4: 83.3 m (273 ft 4 in)
Beam: Group 1+2: 6.6 m (21 ft 8 in)Group 3+4: 7 m (23 ft 0 in)
Draft: All Groups: 4.08 m (13 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: Diesel-electric, 2 shaftsGroup 1+2:

2,200 hp (1,600 kW) diesels 1,450 hp (1,080 kW) electric motors Group 3+4: 4,200 hp (3,100 kW) diesels 2,400 hp (1,800 kW) electric motors

Speed: Group 1+2:

14 knots (26 km/h) surfaced 9 knots (17 km/h) submerged Group 3+4: 18 knots (33 km/h) surfaced 10 knots (19 km/h) submerged

Complement: 53
Armament: 1 × 100 mm gun

1 × 45 mm gun 6 × 21-inch (533 mm) bow torpedo tubes 12 × torpedoes 20 × mines 2 stern mounted torpedo tubes added in Groups 3 and 4

The Leninets or L-class were the second class of submarines to be built for the Soviet Navy. They were minelaying submarines and were based on the British L-class submarine, HMS L55, which was sunk during the British intervention in the Russian Civil War. Some experience from the previous Dekabrist-class submarines was also utilised. Thse boats were of the saddle tank type and mines were carried in two stern galleries as pioneered on the pre-war Krab, the world's first minelaying submarine. These boats were considered successful by the Soviets and 25 were built in 4 groups between 1931 and 1941. Groups 3 and 4 had more powerful engines and higher speed.

[edit] ShipsEdit

  • Group 1: 6 ships built (L1 to L6), all launched in 1931. 3 Baltic Fleet, 3 Black Sea Fleet, including Soviet submarine L-3.
Number Name Meaning Fleet Launched Fate
L1 Leninets (Ленинец) Follower of Lenin Baltic 28 February 1931 Sunk by German Artillery October 1941, salvaged, scrapped 1945
L2 Stalinets (Сталинец) Follower of Stalin Baltic 21 May 1931 Sunk by Mine 15 November 1941
L3 Frunzenets (Фрунзенец) Follower of Frunze Baltic 8 August 1931 Decommissioned 15 February 1971, conning tower preserved as a memorial
L4 Garibaldets (Гарибальдиец) Follower of Garibaldi Black Sea 31 August 1931 Decommissioned 17 February 1956
L5 Chartist (Чартист) An adherent of Chartism Black Sea 5 June 1932 Decommissioned 25 December 1955
L6 Carbonari (Карбонарий) Carbonari Black Sea 3 November 1932 Sunk 18 April 1944 by German sub-chaser UJ 104 near Constanza
  • Group 2 : 6 ships built (L7 to L 12), launched between 1935 and 1936. All built for the Pacific Fleet by plant 202 "Dalzavod" Vladivostok and plant 199 Komsomolsk-na-Amure.
Number Name Meaning Fleet Launched Fate
L7 Voroshilovets Follower of Kliment Voroshilov Pacific 15 May 1935 Decommissioned 1956
L8 Dzerzhinets Follower of Dzerzhinski Pacific 10 September 1935 Decommissioned 1950s
L9 Kirovets Follower of Kirov Pacific 25 August 1935 Decommissioned 1950s
L10 Menzhinets Follower of Menzhinski Pacific 18 December 1936 Decommissioned 1950s
L11 Sverdlovets Follower of Sverdlov Pacific 4 December 1936 Decommissioned 1950s
L12 Molotovets Follower of Molotov Pacific 7 November 1936 Decommissioned 1950s
  • Group 3 : 7 ships built (L13 to L19) launched 1937 to 1938. All for the Pacific Fleet. New project, hull based at Srednyaya class, 18 mines.
Ship Launched Fate
L13 Decommissioned 1950s
L14 Decommissioned 1950s
L15 Transferred to the Northern Fleet via the Panama Canal in late 1942, decommissioned 1950s
L16 Torpedoed by Japanese submarine I-25 on 11 October 1942, near the coast of Oregon while being transferred to the Soviet Northern Fleet
L17 Decommissioned 1950s
L18 Decommissioned 1950s
L19 Sunk in 1945
  • Group 4 : 6 ships built (L20 to L25) launched 1940 to 1941. 3 Baltic Fleet, 3 Black Sea Fleet. This group added stern torpedo tubes and new, more powerful diesel engines.
Ship Fleet Launched Fate
L20 Baltic 14 April 1940 Decommissioned 1950s
L21 Baltic 17 July 1940 Decommissioned 1950s
L22 Baltic 23 September 1939 Transferred to Northern Fleet 1941, Decommissioned 1950s
L23 Black Sea 29 April 1940 Sunk 17 January 1944 by German sub-chaser UJ106
L24 Black Sea 17 December 1940 Sunk 24 December 1942 by mines off the Bulgarian coast, wreck located by divers in 1991[1]
L25 Black Sea 26 February 1941 Unfinished. Sunk while being towed from Tuapse to Sevastopol in December 1944

[edit] ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Memorial to sunken Soviet submarine unveiled off Bulgaria

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