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"Kalev" and "Lembit"

Class overview
Builders: Vickers Armstrong
Operators: Estonian Navy

Soviet Navy

In commission: 1936 - 1979
Completed: 2
Lost: 1
Preserved: 1
General characteristics
Tonnage: 570 (in its current condition)
Displacement: 665 tons surfaced

853 tons submerged

Length: 59.5 m
Beam: 7.5 m
Draught: 3.6 m
Speed: surface - 13.5 knots

submerged - 8.5 knots

Complement: 4 officers + 28 men
Armament: 4 × bow torpedo tubes

(8 21" torpedoes) 1 × 40 mm AA gun "Bofors" 1 × .303 (7.7mm) AA gun "Lewis" 20 mines

Notes: Ships in class include: EML Kalev, EML Lembit

The Kalev Class consisted of two mine laying submarines built for the Estonian Navy.


[hide] *1 Development history

Development historyEdit

The newly independent Republic of Estonia followed the Finnish naval armament program and the common top secret defense cooperation in acquiring submarines. Unlike the German designed Finnish subs, Estonia opted for British built submarines. Both boats of the class Kalev and the Lembit were built by Vickers-Armstrong at Barrow-in-Furness, in the United Kingdom.[1]

Service historyEdit

The two subs were delivered in 1936. After the Soviet annexation of Estonia in 1940 the Estonian Navy was integrated into the Soviet Baltic Fleet. The Kalev class submarines were commissioned into the Soviet Navy on September 18, 1940. Kalev was sunk outside Hanko, Finland in 1941, but Lembit continued a successful campaign against Swedish iron ore transports to Germany. Lembit was decommissioned in 1979. She is now preserved as a museum ship at the Estonian Maritime Museum Lennusadam (Seaplane harbour/Hydroplane port), Tallinn.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Allied Warships - Kalev class

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